Someone asked "What is the difference between a Jew's soul and a gentile's soul?"
All living beings have an "Animal Soul". This is what activates the animal. The animal does not have true freewill but acts and reacts only according to its nature.
A gentile has an animal soul, and he or she also has an "Intelligent Soul." The animal soul animates…activates the body and the intelligent soul gives the human freewill to decide what he or she wants to do. If the gentile chooses to follow the Seven Commandments of Noah he or she will become a righteous person, a pious person among the nations. They will have a wonderful life in this world and a share in the World to Come.
The Jew has an animal soul and an intelligent soul. The Jew has also been given an additional soul in order to accomplish the Jew's unique mission in the world. This soul is called the "G-dly Soul".
The animal soul and intellectual souls of the gentile and of the Jew are the same. The animal drives the animal, and the intellect has the ability to direct the animal either to live an entirely animal life, or if it chooses, it can lead the person to pursue righteous goals.
The G-dly soul the Jew has been given is what provides the Jew with his or her unique opportunity in this world. If the Jew's intellectual soul directs the animal soul the Jew will become a servant of Hashem and a Light unto the Nations, and will receive a fitting reward in the World to Come.
Mankind either lives out his or her years in a fierce animal jungle, or in the Garden of Eden. It all depends on whether their animal soul rules over their intellectual soul, or if their intellectual soul rules over their animal soul. It is the individual's own freewill that decides.