This charred lump of a fragment of a 1,500-year-old scroll was left untouched for decades, too brittle to open. Now, thanks to new technology what was written inside has been revealed. The right side of this picture shows the burnt clump, and on the left is the virtual unwrapping for the scroll.
The scroll was first discovered in 1970, when archaeologists were working near Ein-Gedi, a natural spring oasis on the shore of the Dead Sea. They discovered the remains of a Jewish community dating back to the eighth century BCE.
The scroll was in the charred remains of an ancient synagogue in Ein-Gedi that was burned down over 1400 years ago. It was found in the ashes of the synagogue's Aron Kodesh (Torah scroll ark). This is the first time an ancient scroll has ever been found in such a way that shows it was part of a Sefer Torah (Torah Scroll) that was being used in the prayer services at that time.
The archeologists found that the text contains the first 8 lines of the book of Leviticus and it is "100 percent absolutely identical" to the version of the Book of Leviticus that is still being used today. The text shows "In 1,500 years this text has not changed."
If our Torah scrolls have not changed in these 2,000 years of exile then certainly they did not change when we lived together in our Land. The Torah scrolls we read today are exactly as Moshe wrote them over 3,300 years ago.
Not that any of us had any doubt, but it is always nice when science agrees with us.