Thursday, February 26, 2009

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A Bit of Purim Halacha in Israel

by Reb Akiva at Mystical Paths

My daughter asked an interesting sha'alah (religious question)...

I want to give mishloach manot (the gifts of Purim, a religious obligation to give on Purim day) to a friend in Jerusalem. We don't live in Jerusalem and celebrate Purim on the 14th of Adar - but Jerusalem celebrates on the 15th of Adar. Do I fulfill my obligation by giving her on the 14th?

This is a halachic (Jewish religious law question) which can only arise nowadays in Israel. The halacha of Purim is that walled cities - cities that were walled at the time of Yohoshua bin Nun (Joshua) - celebrate a day later than unwalled cities. Unwalled celebrate on the 14th, and walled on the 15th, Jerusalem on the 15th, most other cities in Israel on the 14th (there's a few other places that celebrate on the 15th as well).

Nowadays, you can live in Mevetzeret Tziyon and be 10 minutes from friends in Jerusalem (by car), so it's a practical question.

I asked this sha'alah of the halacha rav at Rabbi Nati's yeshiva. His answer was:

A person who lives outside of Jerusalem cannot fulfill their obligations of Mishloach Manot by giving to someone in Jerusalem on Purm - the 14th of Adar. (And of course, if they gave on the 15th of Adar - Shushan Purim when it is celebrated in Jerusalem, the time of fulfilling the obligation has passed for them.)

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Lots of people who live outside Jerusalem come to town to celebrate the 15th as well--make sure you find a family in Jerusalem to celebrate Shushan Purim with so you can have double the fun :). (obviously there is no mitzvah for yourself, but you can help your fellow Jerusalemite fulfill their seuda mitzva).

emunatidbits said...

Check out this article
http://www.revach.net/article.php?id=3463

Neshama said...

Isn't there a ban from settling within the walls of Yericho? What about praying vis-a-vis this ban?

"Once Again, Prayers in Ancient Jericho Synagogue
(IsraelNN.com) For the first time in nearly nine years, Jews prayed at the centuries-old Shalom Al Yisrael synagogue in Jericho. Israeli soldiers and PA police guarded."

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